Details and sources about access to maternity care are available at The Access Question. The graphics below focus on special circumstances in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. Under each one, glosses are provided to UP-specific material for the benefit of downstaters and non-Michiganders.
The five-mile-long Mackinac Bridge, completed in 1957, connects the UP with the Lower Peninsula. The UP itself is 16,377 square miles in area, reaching 320 miles from east to west, and 125 from north to south.
U.S. 2 runs along the Lake Michigan shoreline from the Bridge until just before Escanaba. It has a rather narrow shoulder in places; one can easily imagine sliding into the lake – or onto the ice! – from the road.
The UP is blessed with a large Finnish population, whose customs have permeated UP culture. Information about Finnish midwife Loviisa Kamppinen (1860-1966) can be found in the library of the Marquette Regional History Center. Someone during her lifetime would surely have said Soita kätilölle! (Call the midwife!).
That midwife was probably not Lee Remick, pictured here with Jimmy Stewart in a scene from the classic 1959 film, Anatomy of a Murder. Set and filmed in the UP, the film was based on a novel by Robert Traver, the pen name of Michigan Supreme Court Justice John D. Voelker.
Elmer Fudd has no special connection to the UP that we know of, although certainly his status as a hunter and woodsman would make him a suitable transplant. He was placed in this graphic in order to speak the phrase, “Midwife Cwisis,” the invention of Greg B., to whom FoMM is duly grateful.
[Updated July 16, 2016, to add copyright designation.]